Knickerbocker, assistant in surgery, who conducted studies on defibrillation in dogs, found that placement of electrodes alone caused an increase in femoral arterial pressure. This observation made the idea that the circulation could be maintained artificially with cardiac massage.
It was a revolutionary discovery: no need to “open the chest” for a direct cardiac massage! Be wrote in the article of 1960, “… anyone and everywhere can initiate resuscitation procedures. We need two hands. ”
Two hands can save life!
See more here:
Kouwenhoven WB, Jude JR, Knickerbocker GG. Closed-chest cardiac massage. JAMA, 1960; 173, 1064-1067
Eisenberg MS, Psaty BM. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Celebration and challenges. JAMA 2010; 304, 87-88
More than thirty years after the Ottawa Charter was drafted, nurses strongly emphasize the importance of promoting health through their activities.Health is an essential asset for social, economic and personal development, and is a key aspect of quality of life. Health promotion, theorized concept in various historical epochs, was coded in 1986 by the Ottawa Charter.
It is not possible to gain maximum health potential if you are unable to control the determinants of health. Nurses’ commitment is focused on the development of policies aimed at promoting and preserving the health of citizens.
A distanza di più di trent’anni dalla stesura della Carta di Ottawa gli infermieri sottolineano con forza attraverso le loro attività l’importanza della promozione della salute.
La salute è un bene essenziale per lo sviluppo sociale, economico e personale, ed è aspetto fondamentale della qualità della vita. La promozione della salute, concetto teorizzato in varie epoche storiche, è stato codificato nel 1986 dalla Carta di Ottawa.
Non è possibile conquistare il massimo potenziale di salute se non si è in grado di controllare i fattori determinanti della salute. L’ impegno degli infermieri è orientato allo sviluppo di politiche orientate alla promozione e conservazione della salute dei cittadini.
Congratulations to your newly selected Task Force Members! These qualified individuals were vetted by the ILCOR nominating committee and approved by the ILCOR Executive Committee.
Theese are the basic components of a result chain, how actions can lead to a desired result. Construct an initial result chain based on a conceptual model than start analising the indicators of the process that lead to goals on a target.
Input ~ Strategy ~ Output ~ Outcome ~ Impact can be the chain.
Outputs, outcomes and impact are terms that are used to describe changes at different levels.
Output means the result of a trial, results which are achieved immediately after implementing an activity.
Outcome is not seen immediately after the end of the activity, after some time appear this kind of result, it seem to be better described as some change at the ground level after a training.
Impact is a long term result, not achievable during the project activities.
The external effectiveness is the indicator that shows the relationship between the product (output) and the result (outcome).
Look here for more external concept description.